There will still be a bit more waiting, who knows if until next October 31st, to be certain of how the United Kingdom will leave the European Union (EU). Only then there will be enough information enabling us to analyze what real effects Brexit will have. At the moment, announcements related to future tariff policies in case of a no deal situation, together with the analysis of the current commercial patterns between Spain and the United Kingdom, allow us to identify the automotive sector as one of the potentially most affected. However, the effects are not homogeneous throughout the Spanish Regions. Thus, the production and, therefore, the employment level of the automotive sector in Aragon, Navarra and Castilla y Leon show a greater degree of exposure to the British market than other regions.
The case of Italy in the last year, and of other countries in the past, show the negative effect that the wrong economic policy messages can have. The Spanish economy continues to grow noticeably above the Eurozone average. However, it is immersed in a different phase of the economic cycle with lower expansion rates. The design of economic policy plays a determining role in the economy’s cyclic performance. Yet the uncertainty generated by numerous economic policy messages, at the national and regional level, has resulted in a significant drop in the number of car registrations in Spain in the last few months.
For years, the assignment of subsidiary liability to company managers was a relatively rare procedure, associated with cases of serious omissions of settlements and / or tax payments. However, for various reasons, this assignment of liability has become an increasingly common procedure in recent years, which has revealed several shortcomings in its regulation and implementation, which should be corrected as soon as possible to ensure equity, and proportionality in the procedures related to the collection action.
In recent years there has been an intense debate on the fiscal regime applicable to Spanish SICAV. The measures contained in the recently published Draft Law on General State Budgets for 2019 have important consequences on these entities, which must be analyzed by their shareholders in order to seek alternatives for action.
The increase and materialization of certain risks for global growth throughout 2018 have worsened the outlook for the coming years. In Europe, Brexit will continue to represent the main political risk facing the region during 2019. The business strategies to deal with it necessarily differ depending on the considered scenario. Among them, the possibility of a hard Brexit in 100 days must be accounted for.